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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 26(4); 2012 > Article
Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2012;26(4):10-17.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.4.010    Published online August 31, 2012.
목조 사찰화재의 유형별 진압대책에 관한 연구
고기봉, 이시영, 채진
1중앙소방학교
2강원대학교 방재전문대학원
3군포소방서
A Study on Fire Suppression Measures Used in Wooden Temples
Ko Gi-Bong, Lee Si-Young, Chae Jin
1National Fire Service Academy
2Kangwon National Univ.
3Gun-po Fire Station
요약
본 연구에서는 목조 사찰 화재시 펌프(물탱크)차의 현장 도착 가능여부에 따라 사찰화재 유형별 진압대책을 4가지 유형으로 분류하고, 각 유형별 화재진압 전술 및 방법을 도출하였다. 연구결과, 펌프(물탱크)차의 접근 및 소방용수 확보가 가능한 사찰은 일반 건축물화재 진압전술을 적용하지만, 그렇지 않은 경우는 헬기, Water Bag, 연계급수 집중 진압전술, 무선통신을 이용한 소방차 수위 자동전송 System 및 급수낭을 활용하고, 사찰 인근 소방서에 화재진압 장비(동력펌프, 호스, 노즐, 급수낭 등)를 적재한 일반 4륜구동 차량 배치와 A자 사다리를 활용한 진압대책 등이 필요한 것으로 나타났다.
Abstract
This study classifies the fire suppression measures implemented by wooden temples into four types according to availability of the pump trucks (water tanks) at the fire sites. And this study outlines the strategies and methods based on each type of fire suppression measure. The results show that the fire suppression strategy applied in general buildings is also employed in temples where pump trucks (water tanks) and fire-fighting water are available. For temples where trucks and water are not available, the helicopter, water bag, fire suppression strategy focused on water supply link, automatic transmission system of a fire engine's level by using radio communication network, and water bladder are used. In addition, general four-wheel-drive vehicles equipped with fire fighting tools such as motor pump, hose, nozzle, and water bladder should be deployed in fire stations around the temples. A fire suppression strategy using A-type ladders is also required.
Key Words: Fire in temple, Pump truck (water tank), Fire suppression strategy focused on water supply link, Automatic transmission system of a fire engine's level by using radio communication network


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