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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2013;27(2):75-79.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2013.27.2.075    Published online April 30, 2013.
구획화재의 출입구를 통한 광학적 연기밀도 측정의 불확실성 해석
경일대학교 소방방재학과
Uncertainty Analysis of the Optical Smoke Density Measurement through the Doorway in a Compartment Fire
Kim Sung-Chan
Dept. of Fire Safety, Kyungil Univ.
본 연구는 구획화재의 출입구를 통한 연기밀도를 정량적으로 측정하고 측정기법의 신뢰성을 평가하기 위해 불확실성 해석을 수행한다. 메탄 화재 강도에 따른 축소모형 구획공간의 출입구 상층부를 통해 유출되는 연기 유동에 대해 광소멸 측정을 수행하고 Bouguer's의 법칙을 적용하여 연기밀도를 산정하였다. 광투과율, 경로길이, 질량비광소멸상수에 대하여 연기밀도의 측정 불확실도를 평가하였으며 계산된 연기밀도 측정의 확장불확실도는 20% 정도이며 신뢰수준은 95% 이다. 준정상상태의 화재 발열량에 대하여 출입구에서의 평균 연기밀도를 산정하였으며 구획공간내부의 총괄당량비 증가에 따라 출입구의 연기농도가 선형적으로 증가하는 경향을 보였다.
The present study measured the light transmission to quantify the smoke density(smoke mass concentration) through the doorway in a compartment fire and performed the uncertainty analysis to evaluate the reliability of the measurement technique. The optical light extinction method based on Bourguer's law was applied to estimate the smoke density of doorway exhausting smoke flow in upper layer of a compartment for methane gas fires. The measurement uncertainty of the light extinction measurement was evaluated for the light transmittance, path length, and specific mass extinction coefficient and the expanded uncertainty was estimated about 20% with confidence level of 95%. The mean smoke density through the doorway for the methane fire was calculated for quasi-steady fire and the smoke density linearly increased as the GER increased.
Key Words: Smoke density, Light extinction, Compartment fire, Optical smoke density, Soot measurement
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