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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 27(6); 2013 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2013;27(6):50-56.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2013.27.6.050    Published online December 31, 2013.
고온연료의 점화 및 화염 소화특성에 미치는 복사효과
김유정, 오창보, 최병일, 한용식
1부경대학교 안전공학과
2부경대학교 안전공학과
3한국기계연구원 에너지플랜트안전연구실
4한국기계연구원 에너지플랜트안전연구실
Radiation Effects on the Ignition and Flame Extinction of High-temperature Fuel
Kim Yu Jeong, Oh Chang Bo, Choi Byung Il, Han Yong Shik
1Pukyong National University, Department of Safety Engineering
2Pukyong National University, Department of Safety Engineering
3Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Department of Energy Plant Safety Technology
4Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Department of Energy Plant Safety Technology
요약
대향류 비예혼합 연료-공기 유동장에서 고온연료의 점화특성과 형성된 화염의 소화특성에 미치는 복사효과에 대해 수치계산을 통해 검토하였다. 화학반응의 계산을 위해 GRI-v3.0의 상세화학반응기구를 사용하였으며, 단열계산과 광학적으로 얇은 복사모델을 적용하여 계산을 수행하였다. 대향류 유동장의 점화와 소화점을 정확히 찾기 위하여 화염제어 연속계산법을 적용하였다. 결과를 통해 스트레인율 변화에 대해 최고 온도보다는 최고 H 라디칼 농도가 점화와 소화거동을 이해하는데 더 적합하다는 것을 확인하였다. 최고 H 라디칼 농도변화 거동을 통해 기존에 알려진 S-곡선, C-곡선 및 O-곡선 등을 확인하였다. 복사열손실 분율($f_r$)과 공간에 대해 적분된 열발생률(IHRR)을 통해 $f_r$이 가장 큰 점에서 복사효과에 의한 소화가 발생하였으며, 화염신장 소화점에서는 IHRR이 가장 높지만 화염에서의 전도에 의한 열손실로 인해 소화가 되는 것을 확인하였다. 복사는 화염신장 소화점에는 거의 영향이 없지만 복사 소화점과 점화점에는 큰 영향을 주는 것을 알 수 있었다. 또한 연료의 온도가 높아질수록 복사에 의한 소화점의 스트레인율과 화염신장에 의한 스트레인율 사이의 영역이 넓어지게 되어 화염 안정성이 향상되고 있음을 알 수 있었다.
Abstract
The radiation effects on the auto-ignition and extinction characteristics of a non-premixed fuel-air counterflow field were numerically investigated. A detailed reaction mechanism of GRI-v3.0 was used for the calculation of chemical reactions and the optically-thin radiation model was adopted in the simulations. The flame-controlling continuation method was also used in the simulation to predict the auto-ignition point and extinction limits precisely. As a result, it was found that the maximum H radical concentration, $(Y_H)_{max}$, rather than the maximum temperature was suitable to understand the ignition and extinction behaviors. S-, C- and O-curves, which were well known from the previous theory, were identified by investigating the $(Y_H)_{max}$. The radiative heat loss fraction ($f_r$) and spatially-integrated heat release rate (IHRR) were introduced to grasp each extinction mechanism. It was also found that the $f_r$ was the highest at the radiative extinction limit. At the flame stretch extinction limit, the flame was extinguished due to the conductive heat loss which attributed to the high strain rate although the heat release rate was the highest. The radiation affected on the radiative extinction limit and auto-ignition point considerably, however the effect on the flame stretch extinction limit was negligible. A stable flame regime defined by the region between each extinction limit became wide with increasing the fuel temperature.
Key Words: Ignition, Extinction, Radiation effects, Counterflow flame, Flame-controlling continuation method (FCCM)


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