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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 28(4); 2014 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2014;28(4):81-88.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2014.28.4.081    Published online August 31, 2014.
119구급대원의 근골격계 증상과 환자운반 작업의 인간공학적 평가
홍성기
동남보건대학교 응급구조과
The Evaluation of Musculoskeletal Symptom and Patient Transport Work of 119 EMTs by Ergonomics Tools
Hong Sung-Gi
Dept. of Emergency Medical Technology, Dongnam Health University
요약
본 연구는 119구급대원의 근골격계 증상 호소율을 파악하고 증상 유소견자들에 대한 작업성 근골격계질환(WMSDs)을 유발하는 환자운반 작업에 대한 인간공학적 평가를 통해 작업 위험도를 파악하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 근골격계 유해요인 조사지침(KOSHA Code H-30-2008)을 활용한 설문도구를 이용하여 근골격계 증상 호소율을 파악하였으며, 환자운반 작업의 위험도는 인간공학적 평가도구인 OWAS, RULA, REBA를 이용하여 평가하였다. 연구결과 근골격계 증상 유경험자는 60.9%였으며 허리 부위의 증상 자각율(36.1%)이 가장 높았고 WMSDs을 유발하는 가장 큰 원인은 환자운반 작업(48.4%)이었다. 환자운반 작업의 인간공학적 위험도 평가 결과 주 들것을 구급차에 싣고 내리기, 들 것 장비를 이용하여 환자를 들어올리는 작업에서 OWAS는 3단계, RULA와 REBA는 3~4단계 수준이었고, 응급용들것으로 계단 이송, 척추고정판으로 차량내 환자 이동, 업거나 안고 계단이나 경사로를 이동하는 작업에서 OWAS, RULA, REBA 모두 3~4단계로 작업자세의 개선이 필요한 것으로 평가되어 119구급대원의 WMSDs 예방을 위해서는 즉각적인 작업자세의 개선이 요구된다.
Abstract
This study identified the complaint ratio of musculoskeletal symptom by 119 EMTs and investigated the work risk extent through ergonomics evaluation about the patient transport works, which cause work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) to 119 EMTs. For this, the complaint ratio of musculoskeletal symptom utilized questionnaire tool based on KOSHA Code H-30-2008 and the risk extent about the patient transport work evaluated by using ergonomics evaluation tools such as OWAS, RULA and REBA. According to the study result, 60.9% of 119 EMTs experienced musculoskeletal symptom. Among them, the symptom on back was the most common (36.1%). The work, which mostly causes WMSDs, has been found as patient transport work (48.4%). Among the patient transport motion, loading/unloading of ambulance cot to/from ambulance and the lifting of patient by stretcher were OWAS risk-level 3 and RULA/REBA risk-level 3 to 4. Among the patient transport environment, carrying patient on stairway using emergency mini-stretcher, moving patient in vehicle using spine board and piggy-back carrying or cradle carrying patient on stairway or slope way were OWAS, RULA, REBA risk level 3 to 4. It is suggested that immediate improvement in work postures for these works should contribute to prevention against WMSDs to 119 EMTs.
Key Words: 119 EMTs, Musculoskeletal symptom, Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs), Patient transport work, Ergonomics evaluation


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