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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 29(2); 2015 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2015;29(2):33-38.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2015.29.2.033    Published online April 30, 2015.
클리어런스가 없는 초고압 회전용적형 헬리컬기어 펌프의 유동해석에 관한 연구
민세홍, 김호철
1가천대학교 공과대학 설비.소방공학과
2가천대학교 산업환경대학원 소방방재공학과
A Study on Fluid Flow Analysis of High Pressure Positive Displacement Pump without Clearance
Min Se-Hong, Kim Ho-Chul
1Dept. of Fire & Disaster Protection Engineering, Gachon Univ.
2Dept. of Fire & Disaster Protection Engineering, Graduate School Industry Environment, Gachon Univ.
요약
고압과 정량 흡상을 목적으로 클리어런스가 없는 초고압 회전용적형 헬리컬기어 펌프의 개발을 진행하였다. 펌프의 내부 압력과 토출 유속을 검증하기 위해 CFD 해석을 수행하였다. 이에 따라 FVM 기법으로 유동해석을 수행하였는데 클리어런스가 없는 완전히 밀폐된 형태의 FVM 유동해석은 격자가 연속하게 구성되지 않아 유체영역이 분리되어 정상적인 결과를 얻어낼 수 없었다. 이러한 문제로 격자 구성이 필요치 않은 MPS 기법으로 유동해석을 수행하였고, MPS 유동해석을 통해 펌프의 내부 압력과 토출 유속을 확인할 수 있었다. 로터의 회전속도 1,000 rpm에서 펌프 내부의 압력은 최소일 때 19.5 bar, 최대일 때 44.6 bar이고, 평균 압력은 33.9 bar로 확인되었다. 토출 유속은 최소일 때 64.5 m/s, 최대일 때 84.8 m/s이고, 평균 유속은 76.1 m/s로 확인되었다. 본 연구를 통해 클리어런스가 없는 해석 모델의 유동해석은 FVM 기법보다는 MPS 기법이 더 적합하였음을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 초고압 회전 용적형 헬리컬기어 펌프의 압력의 변화에 따른 유속과의 관계를 본 연구를 통해 규명할 수 있었다.
Abstract
For the purpose of high-pressure and suction of fixed amount, the development of ultra-high pressure rotating helical gear positive displacement pump with no clearance had been proceeded. The CFD analysis was performed to verify the internal pressure and the discharge flow velocity of the pump. Accordingly, a flow analysis were performed by FVM technique and we were unable to obtain a successful result since the fluid domain is separated because the grid is not configured in a row in FVM flow analysis of the fully enclosed type without clearance. Because of these problems, the flow analysis was performed by MPS method which grid configuration is not needed and the internal pressure and the discharge flow velocity of the pump were confirmed through the MPS flow analysis. At 1,000 rpm rotation speed of the rotor, the minimum internal pressure of the pump was 19.5 bar, maximum pressure was 44.6 bar and average pressure was 33.9 bar. And the minimum discharge flow velocity was 64.5 m/s, maximum discharge flow velocity was 84.8 m/s and average discharge flow velocity was 76.1 m/s. Through this study, we could confirm that MPS method was more suitable than FVM method in terms of flow analysis with no clearance. In addition, the relationship of the flow velocity according to the change of ultra-high pressure rotating helical gear positive displacement pump could be identified through this study.
Key Words: FVM, MPS, High pressure positive displacement pump, Flow analysis


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