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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 30(6); 2016 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2016;30(6):23-30.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2016.30.6.023    Published online December 31, 2016.
화학물질 운송 화학사고의 통계 특성 분석에 관한 연구
이태형, 이상재, 신창현
1화학물질안전원 사고대응총괄과
2화학물질안전원 사고대응총괄과
3화학물질안전원 사고대응총괄과
Statistical Analysis of Chemical Substance Transporting Accidents
Lee Tae-Hyung, Lee Sang-Jae, Shin Chang-Hyun
1National Institute of Chemical Safety, Accident Response Coordination Division
2National Institute of Chemical Safety, Accident Response Coordination Division
3National Institute of Chemical Safety, Accident Response Coordination Division
요약
본 연구는 화학물질 운송 화학사고를 대상으로 각 연도별 사고현황, 사고유형, 사고원인 등의 화학사고 특성을 분석하였다. 그 결과 77건의 운송 화학사고 중 74건이 유 누출 유형에 의한 사고였으며, 사고 원인으로는 41건이 교통사고에 의한 화학사고였다. 또한, 사고다발 화학물질 조사에서는 46건의 사고가 유해화학물질에 의한 사고인 것으로 조사되었다. 화학물질 운송 화학사고의 예방 및 대응을 위해서는 화학물질 유 누출과 화학물질의 운송 교통사고에 의한 화학사고에 대한 예방책의 보완이 필요하며, 운송 화학사고가 발생되었을 경우 방재가 시스템적으로 신속히 이루어질 수 있도록 범국가적이고 체계적인 화학물질 운송안전 시스템을 구축하여 화학물질 운송에 적용하는 것이 필요하다.
Abstract
This study analyzed the characteristics of chemical accidents, including the accidents occurring each year according to status, type of accident, accident cause for chemical substance transporting accidents. The major aim of this study was to provide information on the chemical accidents that occurred involving chemical substance transporting accidents from 2013 to July - 2016. The total incidence of chemical transporting accidents was 77 cases; 74 cases occurred by the spill & leakage type. The main cause of the accidents analyzed was traffic accidents (41 cases). Forty-six accidents were related to hazardous chemical substances. Among the 46 hazardous chemical substances involved in transporting chemical accidents, 46% of the accident substances were hydrogen chloride. For the prevention and response to accidents occurring during the transportation of chemicals, it is necessary to complement the precautions for chemical accidents caused by transportation accidents and chemical spills and leaks of chemicals. In addition, when the chemical transport of an accident occurs, it is necessary to apply a chemical transport safety system for chemical transfer.
Key Words: Chemical substance transporting accident, Transport of dangerous goods, Chemical accident


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