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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 30(6); 2016 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2016;30(6):92-98.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2016.30.6.092    Published online December 31, 2016.
CCD 카메라를 이용한 열화상 실시간 추정과 화재경보
백동현
가천대학교 설비.소방공학과
Thermal Image Real-time estimation and Fire Alarm by using a CCD Camera
Baek Dong-Hyun
Dept. of Fire & Disaster Protection Engineering, Gachon Univ.
요약
본 논문은 Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) 카메라를 이용한 열화상의 실시간 추정과 화재경보에 대하여 논한 것으로 각도 및 위치에 따른 특징점 분석과 동일 형상의 벡터 성분 좌표점 설정에 따른 이미지 융합이 잘 되었다. 영상을 Display하는 픽셀의 데이터 값은 0~255, 센서 출력값은 0~5,000로 하여 정확성이 높았다. 시험결과 시험체로부터 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m 거리에서 화염에 의한 시험체의 작동시간은 각각 7초, 26초, 62초 소요 되었고 화면이미지 생성이 효과적으로 이루어졌다. 화재 발생 진단은 주의/경보/화재의 3단계로 프로그램하여 Alarm의 순차적 동작과 SNS 전송이 이루어졌다. 비화재보시험을 위해 백열등, 형광등에 대해 시험하였으나 모두 비화재보를 발생하지 않았다. 시간대별 화염의 변화영상과 진행방향 및 확산속도의 분석은 화재진행상황 예측이나 열화상 실시간 추정과 경보로 비화재보 감소가 가능함을 확인하였다.
Abstract
This study evaluated thermal image real-time estimation and fire alarm using by a CCD camera, which has been a seamless feature-point analysis method, according to the angle and position and image fusion by a vector coordinate point set-up of equal shape. The system has higher accuracy, fixing data value of temperature sensing and fire image of 0~255, and sensor output-value of 0~5,000. The operation time of a flame specimen within 500 m, 1000 m, and 1500 m from the test report specimen took 7 s, 26 s, and 62 s, respectively, and image creation was proven. A diagnosis of fire accident was designated to 3 steps: Caution/Alarm/Fire. Therefore, a series of process and the transmission of SNS were identified. A light bulb and fluorescent bulb were also tested for a false alarm test, but no false alarm occurred. The possibility that an unwanted alarm will be reduced was verified through a forecast of the fire progress or real-time estimation of a thermal image by the change in the image of a time-based flame and an analysis of the diffusion velocity.
Key Words: Image panorama, Image calibration, Image moping, Alpha blending, Fire alarm
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