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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 31(4); 2017 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2017;31(4):26-34.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2017.31.4.026    Published online August 31, 2017.
화재 시뮬레이션(FDS)을 이용한 거실제연설비 개선에 관한 연구
김미선, 백은선
1동신대학교 대학원 소방학과
2동신대학교 소방행정학과
A Study on Improvenment of Livingroom Smoke-control System using the FDS
Kim Mi-Seon, Baek Eun-Seon
1Graduate School of Fire Department, Dongshin University
2Department of Fire Administration, Dongshin University
요약
본 논문은 거실제연설비의 인접구역 상호제연방식의 성능 확인 및 향상을 위한 논문으로써 국가화재안전기준(NFSC)과 NFPA 연기제어에 관한 규정을 비교 분석하였다. 분석방법은 화재 시뮬레이션(FDS)을 통해 모델링을 실시하여, 급기량 변화, 제연경계의 폭, 화재실내 가연물 변화, 유입공기의 풍속차이를 통해 이루어졌다. 그 결과 청결층 확보를 위해 급기량을 배출량 이하로 하였을때 화재실에서의 청결층 확보에 유리한 것으로 나타났으나 급기실에서는 급기량을 배출량 이상으로 하였을때 청결층 확보에 유리한 것으로 나타났으며, 제연경계의 폭이 길어질수록 성능 확보에 유리한 것으로 나타났다. 또한 가연물의 종류에 따라 급기량과 배출량을 고려해야 하며, 공기유입구 풍속은 급기량을 감소시킴과 동시에 공기유입구 풍속을 낮게 하므로써 화재실의 청결층 확보에 유리한 것으로 나타났다.
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to identify and improve the performance of the adjacent room ventilation system in living room ventilation facilities, and compare and analyze the smoke control regulations of the NFPA code and the national fire safety standard (NFSC). The analysis method was fire dynamics simulation (FDS) and was used to analyze the, variations of the air supply amount, width of the boundary, change in indoor combustion and wind velocity of the incoming air. It was found to be advantageous to secure the clean layer when the amount of air supplied is less than the amount of discharged air in the fire room. However, in the supply room, it is more effective to secure the clean layer when the amount of supplied air is larger than the amount of discharged air, as a longer boundary width gives rise to better performance. In addition, it is necessary to consider the amount of air supplied and discharged as a function of the kind of flammable material. Moreover, decreasing the air inlet wind speed and amount of incoming air is advantageous for securing the clean layer of the fire room.
Key Words: FDS, Air Supply Amount, Combustibles, Smoke Boundary Width Change, Incoming Wind Velocity


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