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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 31(4); 2017 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2017;31(4):111-118.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2017.31.4.111    Published online August 31, 2017.
반단선과 트래킹에 의한 복합적 전기화재의 위험성분석 연구
박상민, 김시국
1호서대학교 소방방재학과
2호서대학교 소방방재학과
Study on the Risk Analysis of Complex Electrical Fire by the Partial Disconnection and Tracking
Park Sang-Min, Kim Si-Kuk
1Department of Fire and Disaster Protection Engineering, Hoseo University
2Department of Fire and Disaster Protection Engineering, Hoseo University
요약
본 논문은 반단선과 트래킹에 의한 복합적 전기화재의 위험성분석에 관한 연구이다. 먼저, 단일원인인 반단선에 의한 전기화재 위험성을 분석하기 위해 전선의 소선 수 및 정격전류의 변화에 따른 열적특성을 측정하였다. 또한, 그 후 복합적 원인에 의한 전기화재 위험성을 분석하기 위해 반단선 상태에서 추가적으로 가속트래킹 실험을 실시하여 반단선과 트래킹의 화재연관성을 확인하였다. 실험결과 반단선이 단일원인으로 작용할 때의 전류에 의해 발생된 기존 열적특성과 트래킹이 복합적으로 작용함으로써 전류가 크게 증가되어 열적특성이 더욱 뚜렷이 나타나 단일원인에서 발생되지 않았던 급격한 온도상승으로 인한 소선의 단선이 복합적 원인에서 나타났다. 즉, 기존의 반단선에 의한 전기화재 위험성보다 반단선과 트래킹이 복합적으로 작용될 경우 상대적으로 그 위험성이 크게 증가되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.
Abstract
The present paper is a study on the risk analysis of complex electrical fire by the partial disconnection and tracking. First, in order to analysis the single cause of electrical fire risk by the partial disconnection, the thermal characteristic has been measured by the change in the number of strands and the rated current of a wire. And then, in order to analysis the electrical fire risk by complex cause, an experiment on the accelerated tracking has been carried out in a condition of partial disconnection and confirmed the fire relation between partial disconnection and tracking. From the experiment, if the partial wire disconnection acts as a single cause, the existing thermal characteristics generated by the flowing current has appeared more clearly by the increase in the flowing current due to the complex action of tracking. Accordingly, the disconnection of strands has appeared by the complex cause due to the drastic temperature increase which was not generated in the single cause. Namely, it has been confirmed that if the partial disconnection and tracking act complexly rather than the risk of electrical fire by the existing partial disconnection, relatively its risk has been increased in large.
Key Words: Partial Disconnection, Tracking, Complex Electrical Fire, Thermal Characteristics, Fire Risk


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