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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 31(5); 2017 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2017;31(5):87-94.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2017.31.5.087    Published online October 31, 2017.
「의용소방대 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률」의 시행으로 인한 의용소방활동의 학술적 개념 변화
이원주, 권신영
1대덕대학교 군사학부
2대덕대학교 사회복지과
An Academic Concept Transition of Volunteer Firefighting After Implementation of the Volunteer Fire Brigade Establishment & Operation Act
Lee Won Joo, Kwon Shin Young
1Division of Military Science, Daeduk University
2Department of Social Welfare, Daeduk University
요약
본 논문은 "의용소방대 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률"의 제정 및 시행으로 인한 의용소방대의 활동에 대한 학술적 개념의 변화를 논의하고자 수행되었다. 이를 위해 의용소방대의 정의, 유래, 변천사, 활동사항, 특징 등을 선행연구 자료를 이용하여 분석하였고, 의용소방대의 활동이 자원봉사활동의 특징과 동일한지 재해석하였다. 연구결과, "의용소방대 설치 및 운영에 관한 법률"의 제3조(의용소방대원의 임명), 제4조(의용소방대원의 해임), 그리고 제9조(의용소방대원의 근무 등)에 의해 의용소방활동은 자원봉사활동의 특징 중 자발성을 내포하고 있지 못하는 것을 확인하였다. 결론적으로 의용소방대의 활동은 자원봉사활동이라고 해석할 수 없다. 이 결과는 의용소방대의 학술적 개념을 새로이 정립하는데 기초자료가 될 것이다.
Abstract
This paper was dealing with the change of academic meaning for activities of volunteer firefighter by enforcement of "Act on Volunteer Fire Brigade Establishment & Operation". For that, we checked the references including definition, origin, history, activities, and characteristics of volunteer firefighter. In addition, we confirmed the differentiating activity characteristics between the volunteer firefighter and the general volunteer. In result, the characteristics of the volunteer firefighter activities did not have with the spontaneity of the general volunteer activities due to Article 3 (appointment of volunteer firefighter), Article 4 (dismissal of volunteer firefighter), and Article 9 (working conditions of volunteer firefighter, etc) of "Act on Volunteer Fire Brigade Establishment & Operation". Finally, we could not interpret that the characteristics of the activities of volunteer firefither is same with the general volunteer activities. The result in this paper is expected to serve as a basis for the research of the volunteer fire department in Korea.
Key Words: Volunteer Firefighter, Volunteer Fire Department, Implementation of the Volunteer Fire Brigade Establishment & Operation Act, Volunteer, Research Interpretation


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