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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 32(3); 2018 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2018;32(3):95-107.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2018.32.3.095    Published online June 30, 2018.
고양종합터미널화재 시 소방시설의 작동실태 분석
이의평
전주대학교 소방안전공학과
Analysis of the Working Conditions of Fire Protection Systems in the Goyang Bus Terminal Building Fire
Lee Eui-Pyeong
Dept. of Fire Safety Engineering, Jeonju University
요약
화재조사 결과를 토대로 고양종합터미널 건물 화재 시 소방시설 작동 실태를 분석하였다. 분석결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 천장 우레탄폼에 불이 붙은 직후에 옥내소화전을 이용하여 진화할 수 있음에도 시도하지 않았다. 둘째, 지하1층 대수선공사 공간은 스프링클러 알람밸브를 잠가놓아 작동하지 않았지만, 지하2층과 지상1층, 지상2층, 지상3층은 스프링클러가 작동하여 지하1층 대수선공사 공간 이외의 층으로의 화재확산을 저지하였다. 셋째, 피난유도등은 정상 작동하였지만, 터미널 2층 대합실에서 승차장 쪽으로 통하는 출구(비상구)에 피난구유도등이 설치되어 있지 않아 터미널 2층에서 다수의 사상자가 발생하게 하는데 영향을 미쳤다. 넷째, 화재수신기에서 제연설비 배기 팬 제어반에 전기신호를 보냈지만 배기 팬의 제어반에서 수동으로 취급하여 터미널 2층 제연설비 배기 팬이 작동하지 않았다.
Abstract
This study analyzed the working conditions of the fire protection system in the Goyang Bus Terminal fire based on the fire investigation results. The results were as follows. First, extinguishing using an indoor fire hydrant was not attempted immediately after the fire burned the ceiling urethane foam. Second, a sprinkler alarm valve was turn off and did not work in the repair work space of the 1st basement. On the other hand, the sprinklers in the $2^{nd}$ basement, $1^{st}$ floor, $2^{nd}$ floor, and $3^{rd}$ floor worked and prevented the fire from moving to stories other than the $1^{st}$ basement. Third, although an exit light worked normally, it was not installed in the exit from the waiting room in the $2^{nd}$ floor to the bus stop. This resulted in many casualties. Fourth, although a fire receiver sent an electrical signal to the fan controller of the smoke control system, it was treated manually in the fan controller and the fan in the $2^{nd}$ floor did not work.
Key Words: Fire investigation, Fire protection system, Bus terminal fire, Fire case analysis


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