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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 32(3); 2018 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2018;32(3):123-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2018.32.3.123    Published online June 30, 2018.
노인을 위한 소방안전교육 프로그램 개발 및 효과분석
김영도, 김영빈
1서울특별시 서울종합방재센터
2한국방송통신대학교 교육학과
Study on the Development and the Effects of a Fire Safety Education Program for the Elderly
Kim Youngdo, Kim Youngbin
1Seoul Emergency Operation Center
2Korea National Open University, Dept. of Education
요약
본 연구의 목적은 노인을 위한 소방안전교육 프로그램을 개발하고, 이 프로그램이 노인의 소방안전지식과 소방안전사고예방실천에 미치는 효과를 알아보는 것이다. 프로그램은 기초조사와 문헌고찰을 토대로 목적과 목표, 내용, 교수학습방법을 선정한 후 전문가 검증과 예비조사를 거쳐 개발하였다. 효과검증은 65세 이상 노인 48명을 실험군(노인을 위한 소방안전교육 프로그램 실시)과 대조군(인쇄된 강의자료만 제공)으로 나누어 비동등성 대조군 사전사후검사를 실시하였다. 각 집단의 사전-사후 검사점수를 대응표본 t-검증으로 분석한 결과, 프로그램을 실시한 실험군과 인쇄자료만 제공한 대조군 모두 사전-사후 점수 간에 통계적으로 유의미한 차이를 보였다. 그리고 공변량분석(ANCOVA) 결과 실험군의 사후검사 점수가 대조군의 사후검사 점수보다 높게 나타나, 인쇄자료에 비해 프로그램의 효과가 유의미하게 높음을 확인하였다.
Abstract
This study analyzed the effects influencing the elderly's knowledge on fire safety and practices of fire safety accident prevention after developing a Fire Safety Education Program for the elderly. The program was developed through verification using some experts and a pilot study after selecting the objective, goals, contents, and teaching & learning methods of the program based on the basic survey and literature review. The effects of the program were verified by conducting some non-equivalent control group pre- and post-tests after dividing the targets into the experimental group (the Fire Safety Education Program for the elderly was implemented) and control group (only printed hand-outs were given) among 48 elderly people no younger than 65 years of age. A paired t-test revealed some statistically significant differences between the scores of the pre- and post-tests of the experimental and control groups. ANCOVA found that the effects of the program were significantly higher than those of the printed hand-outs because the post-test scores of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group.
Key Words: Fire safety education, Fire and fall, Education for the elderly, Development and effects of program


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