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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 32(4); 2018 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2018;32(4):122-130.
DOI:    Published online August 31, 2018.
침수피해지역의 응급이송서비스 취약성 분석
이윤하, 홍원화, 이지수, 최준호
1경북대학교 건설환경에너지공학부 대학원
2경북대학교 건설환경에너지공학부
3경일대학교 소방방재학과
4부경대학교 소방공학과
Analysis of Vulnerability of Emergency Transport Service for Flooded Area
Lee Yoon-Ha, Hong Won-Hwa, Lee Ji-Soo, Choi Jun-Ho
1Dept. of School of Architectural, Civil, Environmental and Energy Eng. Kyungpook National University
2Dept. of School of Architectural, Civil, Environmental and Energy Eng. Kyungpook National University
3Dept. of Fire Safety, Kyungil University
4Dept. of Fire Protection Engineering, Pukyong National University
최근 도시화 및 인구의 밀집화는 전 세계적인 기후변화의 영향과 더불어 재난의 대형화 및 복합화를 유발하고 있다. 그러나 국내의 경우, 재난발생에 대하여 예방, 구조, 복구에 중점을 두고 있으며, 재난 시 생명유지에 절대적으로 필요한 재난의료는 외면되고 있는 실정이다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 침수피해가 빈번하며, 지하주택이 밀집되어 피해가능성이 크다고 판단되는 서울시를 대상으로, 침수이력지역의 지하주택을 응급환자 발생지로 가정하고 이송거리 및 이송시간을 분석하였다. 본 연구는 응급의료시설과 재난발생지로의 접근성과, 구급대로부터 재난발생지로의 접근성을 함께 고려하여 응급의료서비스 개선의 기초자료로써 의의가 있다고 판단된다.
Recent urbanization, population densification, and the impact of global climate change are causing disasters to become larger and more complex. Meanwhile, in Korea, there is an emphasis on preventing, restoring, and recovering from disasters. However, disaster medical care, which is absolutely necessary to maintain life in a disaster, is being ignored. Therefore, in this study, we selected Seoul as the study area where flood damage is frequent and underground housing is densely populated. Assuming underground housing in the immersion history area as the emergency patient site, transfer distance and transfer time were analyzed. This study considered both accessibility to emergency medical facilities and disaster sites and accessibility from emergency services to disaster sites. Therefore, it seems to be meaningful as basic data for the improvement of emergency medical services.
Key Words: Emergency medical service, Emergency transfer time, Jurisdiction area, Flood

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