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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 32(5); 2018 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2018;32(5):15-21.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2018.32.5.015    Published online October 31, 2018.
비닐장판 위에서 연소된 인화성 액체의 성장 특성과 탄화 패턴
조희수, 최충석
1대전서부소방서 화재조사팀
2전주대학교 소방안전공학과
Growth Characteristics and Hydrocarbon Patterns of Flammable Liquid on a Vinyl Layer
Joe Hi-Su, Choi Chung-Seog
1Fire Investigation Team, Daejeon Seobu Fire station
2Dept. of Fire Safety Engineering, Jeonju University
요약
본 연구에서는 인화성 액체가 비닐바닥에 뿌려져 화재가 발생되었을 때의 성장 특성 및 탄화 패턴 등을 해석하는데 있다. 아세톤은 화염이 착화되고 약 0.2 s 경과되었을 때 화염이 최성기에 도달하였다. 화염은 난류 패턴이며, 연기의 색상은 흰색이었다. 연소가 진행되는 하단은 층류 패턴이 확인되었고, 상단 부분은 난류 패턴이다. 연소 완료된 바닥은 희미한 포어 패턴을 나타냈다. 벤젠은 착화 후 약 0.6 s 경과하였을 때 강렬한 화염이 생성되었고, 길이는 약 50 mm로 측정되었다. 화염이 쇠퇴기로 접어들었을 때 불완전 연소에 의한 다량의 검은색 연기가 발생하였다. 연소가 완료된 바닥면의 탄화 패턴은 포어 패턴 및 스플래시 패턴 등이 확인되었다. 알코올은 착화되어 약 1.1 s 경과하였을 때 강렬한 화염이 형성되었다. 또한 인화성 액체가 고인 곳은 탄화 심도가 크게 형성되었고, 인화성 액체가 흘러간 곳의 경계면에서 탄화의 흔적이 확인되었다.
Abstract
This study examined the growth characteristics and carbonization pattern when a fire occurs due to a flammable liquid sprinkled on a vinyl floor. When acetone was sprinkled on a floor, the flame reached its peak in approximately 0.2 s after it was ignited. The lower part of the flame showed a laminar pattern while the upper part showed a turbulent pattern. The pattern showed a turbulent pattern and generated white smoke. The combustion completed floor surface showed carbonization of a dim pore pattern. In the case of benzene, an intense flame was formed in approximately 0.6 s after ignition. The flame length was measured to be approximately 50 mm. When the flame became weak, a significant amount of black smoke was generated due to incomplete combustion. The combustion completed floor surface showed carbonization of a pour pattern and splash pattern. In the case of alcohol, an intense flame was formed in approximately 1.1 s after ignition. In addition, the depth of carbonization was significant where the flammable liquid was collected and a trace of carbonization was observed at the boundary of the flow path of the flammable liquid.
Key Words: Growth characteristics, Spread pattern, Oil sprinkling test, Pour pattern, Splash pattern


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