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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 32(6); 2018 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2018;32(6):40-45.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2018.32.6.040    Published online December 31, 2018.
전방위 감시와 영상추적이 가능한 화재감시시스템에 관한 연구
백동현
가천대학교 설비.소방공학과
The Study on the Fire Monitoring Dystem for Full-scale Surveillance and Video Tracking
Baek Dong-hyun
Dept. of Fire&Disaster Protection Engineering, Gachun Univ.
요약
전방위 감시카메라에는 어안렌즈를 이용하여 광대역감시가 가능하도록 물체감지알고리즘으로 물체를 단위별 레벨링한 다음 전방위 감시카메라와 추적(PTZ)카메라로 구성된 시스템으로 연동하여 현장실험한 것이다. 전방위 감시카메라가 움직이는 물체를 정확히 감지하며 사각표시를 하였고 추적카메라와 유기적으로 연동하며 확대 추적하였다. 감지카메라와 화염감지 및 온도에 대한 현장실험에서는 오토스캔 중 화염이 감지되면 멈추며, 해당 화점부분을 화면의 중심부분으로 이동시켜 온도가 표출되었다. 또한 화염이격거리별 검지에 필요한 발열량의 인정기준인 1 km 2,340 kcal를 초과한 1.5 km에서도 가능하였다. 거리에 따른 화염감지성능시험에서는 거리 1 km일 때 폭 56 cm ${ imes}$ 높이 90 cm를 초과한 1.5 km에서도 가능하여 산불화재에도 적응성이 충분하였다. 향후 석유 가스비축시설 및 저유소에 설치하면 자체는 물론 주위 화재예방 및 침입감시 등의 안전에 매우 유용할 것으로 기대된다.
Abstract
The omnidirectional surveillance camera uses the object detection algorithm to level the object by unit so that broadband surveillance can be performed using a fisheye lens and then, it was a field experiment with a system composed of an omnidirectional surveillance camera and a tracking (PTZ) camera. The omnidirectional surveillance camera accurately detects the moving object, displays the squarely, and tracks it in close cooperation with the tracking camera. In the field test of flame detection and temperature of the sensing camera, when the flame is detected during the auto scan, the detection camera stops and the temperature is displayed by moving the corresponding spot part to the central part of the screen. It is also possible to measure the distance of the flame from the distance of 1.5 km, which exceeds the standard of calorific value of 1 km 2,340 kcal. In the performance test of detecting the flame along the distance, it is possible to be 1.5 km in width exceeding $56cm{ imes}90cm$ at a distance of 1km, and so it is also adaptable to forest fire. The system is expected to be very useful for safety such as prevention of intrinsic or surrounding fire and intrusion monitoring if it is installed in a petroleum gas storage facility or a storing place for oil in the future.
Key Words: Full-scale surveillance, Video tracking, Fire monitoring system, Field experiment


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