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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 33(3); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(3):56-62.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.3.056    Published online June 30, 2019.
원심펌프에서 회전수 및 유량변화가 운전특성에 미치는 영향
임광묵1, 이성일2
1한국교통대학교 안전공학과 대학원생
2한국교통대학교 안전공학과 교수
A Study on the Effects of Rotation Rate and Flow Rate on the Operating Characteristics in Centrifugal Pump
Kwang-Mook Lim1, Sung-Ill Lee2
1Graduate Student, Dept. of Safety Engineering, Korea National Transportation University
2Professor, Dept. of Safety Engineering, Korea National Transportation University
Correspondence:  Sung-Ill Lee, Tel: +82-43-841-5334, Fax: +82-43-853-6091, 
Email: silee@ut.ac.kr
Received: 2 April 2019   • Revised: 8 May 2019   • Accepted: 14 May 2019
요약
본 논문은 규정 유량, 양정, 회전수 및 비속도가 각각 0.7 ㎥/min, 8 m, 1750 rpm, 182 m, ㎥/min, rpm인 원심펌프의 운전시 펌프의 회전수와 유량의 변화가 펌프의 운전특성에 미치는 영향을 고찰하였다.
실험에 사용된 펌프는 안내깃이 없고 외주에 바로 접하여 와류실이 있는 볼류트 펌프를 회전수 1350 rpm에서 1750 rpm까지 100 rpm씩의 회전수 변화 5단계에 따른 H-Q특성, L-Q특성, η-Q특성 등의 관계와 무차원 성능 특성인 양정계수, 동력계수, 효율 등의 특성을 실험을 통하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 회전수의 증가에 따라 펌프 성능의 변화정도를 추정할 수 있고, 펌프의 최대효율은 1450 rpm일 때 유량 0.165 ㎥/min, 양정 4.73 m에서 약 52%, 최대회전수인 1750 rpm일 때 유량 0.183 ㎥/min, 양정 6.72 m에서 약 50%의 효율이 나타난다. 또한 양정 대 유량의 성능 특성 곡선상에서 등효율 곡선은 펌프의 상사법칙에 따른 원점을 지나는 2차식의 곡선으로 나타나지 않고 타원형으로 변형되어 나타난다. 마지막으로 유량계수가 증가함에 따라 동력계수는 증가하고 양정계수는 감소하며, 유량계수가 0.08일 때 최대효율 52% 되는 것을 통해 유량변화가 운전특성에 미치는 영향을 알 수 있다.
Abstract
This study examined effects of the operating characteristics of a pump according to the rotational speed of a pump and the change in flow rate when a centrifugal pump operates under the following conditions: regulated flow rate, head, rotational speed, and specific speed of 0.7 m/min, 8 m, 1750 rpm, an 182 (m, m3/min, rpm), respectively. The pump in the experiment did not have a guide vane and was connected directly to the rim, so that the rotational speed of the volute pump in a spiral or volute casing increased by 100 rpm from 1350 to 1750 rpm. The result of the relationship between the H-Q, L-Q, and η-Q characteristics and the dimensionless performance characteristics, such as the head coefficient, power coefficient and efficiency were studied. The change in pump performance could be estimated depending on the increase in the number of revolutions. The maximum efficiency of the pump was 52% with 1450 rpm, 0.165 ㎥/min flux, and 4.73 m of lift. The efficiency reached 50% with a maximum of 1750 rpm, 0.183 ㎥/min of flux, and 6.72 m of lift. The efficiency curve on the performance characteristics of the lift versus flux curve became oval not a curve from a quadratic equation that passes through the starting point according to the similarity law of the pump. Finally, when the flux coefficient increased, the power coefficient increased and the lift coefficient decreased. When the flux coefficient was 0.08, the maximum efficiency was 52%. Therefore, the change in flux affects the driving characteristics.
Key Words: Centrifugal pump, Volute pump, Head coefficient, Power coefficient, Efficiency


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