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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 1997;11(3):3-14.
Published online September 30, 1997.
유동에 의한 연층 확산에 관한 실험적 연구
An experimental study of convective smoke filling
An experimental investigation of smoke spread in a corridor is made using thermocouples and visualization technique with a laser beam sheet. A speed of smoke front under a ceiling is measured by thermocouple trees. Visualization of the ceiling jet formation and of smoke filling process is carried out to observe lowering of the smoke layer. From the results, a large-scale convective motion the corridor plays dominant roles for smoke spread from visualized photos together with temperature records. A circulating motion of fluid transports some smokes to some regions where its momentum is effective. It is therefore showed that the conventional concept of lowering smoke with two-layer zone model has some restrictions for the corridor because the lowering of smoke layer has been thought to be mass transport due to relatively small scale motion such as decrease of buoyancy, mass diffusion and momentum exchange.
Key Words: Smoke spread, Corridor, Smoke front, Visualization, Convective motion

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