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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 1999;13(1):3-10.
Published online March 31, 1999.
천연섬유분진의 연소특성에 관한 연구
이창우김정환현성호
1경민대학 소방안전관리과2경민대학 소방안전관리과3경민대학 소방안전관리과
A Study on Combusiton Properties of Natural Fiber Dust
요약
천연섬유분진의 연소특성을 조사하고자 국내 방적공장의 집진기에서 직접 포집된 천연섬유분진을 열시차 및 열중량 분석기를 이용하여 온도에 따른 분해 특성을 조사하였고, 자연발화 시험기를 이용하여 시료의 입도분포 및 시료량에 따른 천연섬유의 연소특성을 시간에 따른 온도의 변화로 측정하였다. 또한 자연발화 시험기 내부의 공기흐름에 따른 연소특성을 조사하고자 송풍과 무풍 상태에서의 자연발화 또는 훈소특성을 조사하였다. 열분석 결과 승온속도가 증가할수록 발열개시온도가 현저히 낮았고 발열량도 크게 증가하였다. 또한, 천연섬유 분진은 시료량과 입도가 증가할수록 발열개시온도가 낮아지고 있으며, 연소형태는 모두 훈소 상태를 보였다. 시험기 내부가 송풍상태일 때 보다 무풍상태로 실험하였을 때 발열개시온도가 약간 낮으며, 발열량도 크게 나타났다.
Abstract
We had investigated combustion properties of natural textile dusts. Decomposition properles of natural textile dusts scavenged by precipitator of spinning factoη were investigated using D DSC(Differential Scanning Calorimeter) and TGA(Thermogravimetric Analysis) by temperature c changes. Combustion pro야rties of natural textile according to size distribution and amount were c checked as temperature variation according to time using spontan$infty$us ignition apparatus. M Moreover, combustion properties with blowing or without blowing condition were checked in order to investigate combustion prope$pi$ies in spontaneous ignition apparatus according to flow c condition of air. As results of thermal analyses, increase in r머sing tern야:rature causes initial smold벼ng t temperature to move towards low temperature section 뻐d i띠디떠 smoldering temperature was d de$sigma$eased more remarkably in atmosphere than in inert gas and that condition allowed heating v value to increase considerably. In addition, as amount and size distribution of natural textile d dusts were increased, i띠ti머 smoldering temperature was lowered. All of combustion forms were s smoldering combustion. Initial smold밍ing temperature was low more slightly with blowing c condition than without blowing condition in sp$alpha$ltaneoUS ignition apparatus, which condition m made heatim;!; value high.


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