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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2000;14(3):19-26.
Published online September 30, 2000.
유기혼합물의 위험성 평가기법
김천대학 소방안전관리과
Danger Estimate Method of Organic Compounds
화학물질의 기본적인 물리적 특성으로서 인화점은 화학물질에 의한 재난방제에 있어서 중요한 인자 중에 하나이다. 많은 혼합물에 대한 체계적 자료는 매우 빈약하여 이들 물질에 대한 인화점 측정은 어렵다. 따라서 화학적으로 합성과정에 있는 물질 뿐 만 아니라 현재 제품으로 사용하고 있는 물질의 물리화학적 특성을 모두 실험에 의하여 구하는 것은 현실적으로 곤란하다. 본 연구의 관심은 화학적 구조와 인화점 사이에 관계를 이용한 유기개념도를 이용하여 화학적 구조만으로 화차물의 인화점을 대략적으로 예측하는 방법을 시도하고자 하였다.
As a basic physical property of chemical substances, the flash point is of great importance as far as the prevention of chemical disasters is concerned. The measurement of flash point is not easy. and the number of c(Impounds for which systematic data have been collected pitifully small. Because, a need exists for some means of predicting the flash point of compound for which experimental data are unavailable, not only those which are currently in use or at the production stage, but also, those not compounds which are in the process of synthesis and design. The present research concerns the application of OCD (organic conception diagram) to the association between chemical structures and flash points, and an attempt made to discover a method of predicting the approximate flash point of a compound from its chemical structure alone.
Key Words: organic compounds, estimate, danger, flash point
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