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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2000;14(4):1-6.
Published online December 31, 2000.
건축물의 피난계획에 관한 기초적 연구
고치원
홍익대학교 건축공학과
A Basic Study on the Evacuation Plans of Buildings
Abstract
With the "Fire Protection Building Plan" of the Building Center of Japan as a sample, actual evacuation plans used for large scaled and multi-storied buildings are analyzed. Sufficient number of samples were classified into 6 categories. For room evacuation, time to pass through the exit was the most critical point for larger spaces and movement time in the room was the key for smaller evacuation object zone and less number of evacuees. Seen from the location of fire breakout point, it was witnessed that the numbers of crowding at the exits of the fire escape staircase are serious for floor level evacuation. For vertical traffic line, it was actually proved that time to fire escaping floor is problem of higher buildings. It was also proved that special evacuation methods are in practical use in many buildings in japan.
Key Words: Evacuation, Fire Protection, Staircase, Room


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