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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2007;21(3):8-14.
Published online September 30, 2007.
산불현장 지상진화 행동매뉴얼 구축 방안 -국유림관리소 지상진화대원 업무를 중심으로-
이시영, 이명욱
1강원대학교 방재기술전문대학원2한중대학교 토목환경공학과
Construction Plan of Ground Fire Fighter Conduct Manual on Forest Fire Occurrence Site -Case Study on Ground Fire Fighter Team of National Forest Office-
Lee Si-Young, Lee Myung-Woog
산불현장에서 산불진화 단계에 따라 조치하여야 할 국유림관리소의 개인별 임무 역할 수행내용에 대한 행동매뉴얼 구축방안을 제시하였다. 본 매뉴얼의 적용범위는 (1) 헬기 도착 전에 초기산불 진화에 활용, 2) 헬기 투입 후 지상진화지원 활동에 활용, (3) 헬기 철수 후 뒷불진화에 활용, (4) 헬기진화 불가능한 야간진화에 활용에 두었다. 또한, 본 매뉴얼은 주로 현장진화 지휘자 또는 담당자의 임무를 산불대응 단계에 따라 제1단계인 산불접수단계에서 10단계 철수단계에 이르기까지 총 10단계로 구별하여 정리하였으며, 진화대원들이 평상시 이를 숙지하여 진화대원의 안전은 물론이고 체계적이고 신속한 현장 대응을 통해 산불로부터 인명, 재산피해 및 산림피해를 감소시키는데 기여하고자 개발하였다.
The manual was proposed for individual role, according to the stages of forest fire suppression at forest fire occurrence site, for forest fire crew who has a responsibility of national forest office. The scopes of this manual are (1) apply to initial attack before arriving helicopter, (2) apply to ground fire fighting support with air attack, (3) apply to mop-up after withdraw air attack, (4) apply to night suppression when air attack is impossible. This manual is arranged for incident commander or ground fire fighter duties from the 1st stage of acceptance of forest fire to the 10th stage of withdraw of helicopter. This was developed for the purpose of every awareness of the crews and therefore of fire reduction of damage of lives, properties and forest through systematic and rapid response to forest fire.
Key Words: Forest fire suppression, Manual, Incident commander, Ground fire fighter
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