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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2008;22(3):287-292.
Published online September 30, 2008.
학교건물에서 피난훈련과 시뮬레이션을 통한 피난안전성 평가
정무헌, 이병곤
1충북대학교 안전공학과2충북대학교 안전공학과
Safety Assessment of the Evacuation at School Building by Escape Training and Simulation
Jeong Mu-Heon, Lee Beong-Gon
본 연구는 청주소재 OO 고교 교직원 휴게실에서 화재상황을 가정하여 FDS와 CFAST 화재모델을 이용하여 화재특성을 분석하였으며, 전교생을 대상으로 실제피난훈련을 실시하고, 피난프로그램 Simulex를 수행한 자료와 비교하여 피난안전성을 평가하였다. 그 결과, 실제피난훈련은 8%가 피난에 실패하였고 Simulex에서는 40%가 피난에 실패한 것으로 평가되었다. Simulex는 피난경로, 피난집결지 둥 실제피난훈련의 특성을 반영하지 못한 것으로 나타났다.
In this study, the evacuation training were performed in a high school building in Cheong-Ju and compared with the simulation program (Simulex). Also numerical analysis of room fire in school building was conducted by fire model (FDS, CFAST) and evaluated the available safe egress time for the safety assessment. As a result, the 8% of total egress persons were failed to escape at evacuation training and 40% of total egress persons were failed to escape at Simutex simulation. Simutex program was not reflected the real escape conditions, such as evacuation route, refuge place, etc.
Key Words: Escape, Simulex, FDS, CFD simulation, Life safety

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