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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2009;23(2):111-116.
Published online April 30, 2009.
방염 처리에 따른 화재지연 효과 연구
오규형, 김황진, 이성은
1호서대학교 소방방재학과2호서대학교 대학원3호서대학교 산업안전기술연구센터
A Study on the Ignition Delay Effect by Flame-Resistance Paint Treatment
Oh Kyu-Hyung, Kim Hwang-Jin, Lee Sung-Eun
시중에 유통되는 17종의 방염 도료를 소방법에서 요구하는 성능에 맞게 MDF에 방염처리하여 화재시 발생되는 복사열에 노출시켰을 경우 어느 정도의 화재지연 효과가 있는지를 연구하였다. 복사열의 크기는 콘히터를 이용하여 $10kW/m^2$에서 $30kW/m^2$까지 변화시키며 실험하였다. 착화시간과 착화형태를 측정하였으며 시료 표면의 온도를 측정하였다. 실험 결과 방염도료를 처리한 시료의 착화 임계열유속은 $10kW/m^2$ 였으며 $30kW/m^2$에서는 방염에 의한 착화지연효과가 없음을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 시료 표면온도가 $400^{circ}C$ 이상이 되어도 방염에 의한 화재 억재효과를 기대하기 어렵게 됨을 알 수 있었다.
17 kinds of fire resistant paint which are currently used were painted on the MDF(middle density fiber board), which suitable to the regulation of Fire Service Act. And we investigate a ignition delay effect under a exposure condition of radiative heat of fire. Radiative heat flux was controlled from $10kW/m^2$ to $30kW/m^2$ using the cone heater. Ignition time, ignition type and surface temperature of the sample were measured. Based on the experimental result, critical heat flux of the fire resistant paint treated sample was $10kW/m^2$ and there were no ignition delay effect above the $30kW/m^2$. And it was found that it will be difficult to expect the fire resistant effect above $400^{circ}C$ of sample surface temperature.
Key Words: Fire resistant, Ignition delay, Heat flux, Fire resistant paint

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