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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2009;23(4):165-173.
Published online August 31, 2009.
대규모 위락시설의 피난안전성능 평가에 관한 연구
박봉래, 공하성
1미르엔지니어링(주)2청운대학교 건축설비소방학과
A Study on Safety Assessment of the Evacuation at the Large-scale Amusement Facilities
Park Bong-Rae, Kong Ha-Sung
요약
성능위주의 설계가 법제화 되면서 화재 및 피난에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행 중이다. 성능위주설계는 인명의 안전성을 증대 시키는 방향으로 발전되어야 한다. 또한, 성능위주의 설계는 소방분야뿐만 아니라 건축법령에서 정하고 있는 피난에 관한 규정을 포함하여 검토되어야 한다. 본 논문은 성능위주의 설계 시 참고가 될 자료로 제시하기위해 다중이용시설인 광주광역시의 OO나이트클럽을 하나의 모델로 삼아 피난시간을 예측하였다. 이를 위해 우리나라와 외국의 피난에 관련된 규정과 연구논문들을 검토하고, 현장을 방문하여 자료를 수집하였다. 그리고 수집된 자료들을 피난프로그램인 Simulex의 입력 자료로 사용하여 피난시간을 측정하였다. 이 연구의 검토과정 및 결과에서 몇 가지 문제시되는 사항을 발견할 수 있었다.
Abstract
As the Performance Based Fire Protection Design is legislated, studies on a fire and evacuation are actively in progress. The Performance Based Fire Protection Design should be developed toward enlarging the Life safety. In addition, the Performance Based Fire Protection Design shall not merely review the aspects of fire fighting but it shall also include regulations pertaining to evacuation stipulated in laws and regulations for buildings. This study performed an evacuation time prediction based on OO Night Club, one of the multiplex use facilities located in Gwang-ju Metropolitan City in order to suggest as a referential data for the Performance Based Fire Protection Design implementation. To do this, I investigated domestic and foreign regulations and research papers related to evacuation and went to visit the actual site and collected materials. The collected data was then used as ones to input in Simulex, an evacuation program to measure evacuation time. The collected data was then used as data to input in Simulex, an evacuation program to measure evacuation time. Through this particular research and results, the study was able to suggest a few concerning areas.
Key Words: Performance based fire protection design, Simulex, Multiplex use facility, Walking characteristics, Evacuation


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