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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2009;23(5):133-137.
Published online October 31, 2009.
프로필렌 수직벽 화재의 수치적 연구
부경대학교 안전공학부
Numerical Study on Propylene Vertical Wall Fires
Park Woe-Chul
화재 시뮬레이션용 전산유체역학 모델인 Fire Dynamics Simulator(FDS)을 이용한 수직벽 화재 시뮬레이션의 정확성을 확인하기 위해 FDS를 프로필렌 수직벽 화재에 적용하였다. 단위면적당 연소율 $7.0{sim}29.29g/m^2-s$의 범위에서 버너중심에서의 경계층 내 온도분포를 실험결과와 비교하였다. 또 수직벽면 위 수직중심선을 따라 계산한 열유속(heat flux) 분포도 실험과 비교하였다. 경계층 내 온도분포는 비교적 잘 예측됨을 확인하였다. 그러나 벽면근처의 최고온도는 측정치보다 낮았고, 수직벽면의 열유속은 지나치게 높게 나타났다. 이에 따라 수직벽 화재의 시뮬레이션에 있어서 FDS를 개선할 필요가 있음을 확인하였다.
The Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), a computational fluid dynamics model for fire simulation, was applied to propylene vertical wall fires, to confirm its accuracy in simulation of vertical wall fires. The temperature profiles at the center of the burner obtained for mass loss rates per unit area in the range of $7.0{sim}29.29g/m^2-s$ were compared with those of experiment. Comparisons of the heat flux distributions along the vertical centerline on the wall surface were made with the measurements. It was shown that the computed temperature profiles were in good agreement with the experiment. It was also noted that the peak temperature near the wall was underpredicted, the heat flux was too high compared with the measurements, and hence improvements are required for FDS in simulation of the vertical wall fires.
Key Words: Wall fires, Numerical simulation, Fire Dynamics simulator, Propylene

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