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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2009;23(6):98-110.
Published online December 31, 2009.
현상학적 관찰에 의한 연소패턴의 식별에 관한 연구(사례를 중심으로)
최돈묵, 최승복, 최재성
1경원대학교 소방방재공학과2서울지방경찰청 과학수사계 화재감식팀3경원대학교 화학과
A Study on the Discrimination of Fire Pattern by the Phenomenological Observation (Focused on the Fire Cases)
Choi Don-Mook, Choi Sung-Bok, Choi Jae-Soung
요약
화재현장은 바람의 방향과 세기, 가연물의 조건, 건물의 형태 등에 따라 다양하게 소훼형태가 변하기 때문에 발화부와 화재원인을 판단함에 있어 세심한 주의가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 화재 조사자들이 곤란을 겪고 있는 환기지배와 연료지배에 따른 연소형태, 인화성물질에 의한 바닥재의 탄화형태와 낙화(落火)물에 의한 연소흔적을 사례를 통해 살펴보고 조사방법을 제시하였다.
Abstract
The burned patterns of fire are changed very diversely according to the direction of wind, conditions of combustibles, shape of buildings and so on in the fire scenes. And careful attentions are required on the determining of ignition point and fire causes. In this study, we examined that the burned pattern of fuel controlled fires and ventilation controled fires that impose a heavy burden on fire investigators, carbonized marks of floor, formed by flammable liquids, and combustion marks of falling firing materials through the fire cases. We suggest a proper fire investigation method.
Key Words: Burned patterns of fire, Fire scene, Fuel controled fire, Ventilation controled fire


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