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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2009;23(6):126-134.
Published online December 31, 2009.
표준화재 재하조건하에서 Fiber Cocktail을 혼입한 고강도 콘크리트 보의 폭렬특성 및 내화성능에 관한 연구
조경숙, 김흥열, 김형준
A Study on Fire Resistance and Spalling of HPC Beam with Fiber-Cocktail in ISO Fire under Loading Condition
Cho Kyung-Suk, Kim Heung-Youl, Kim Hyung-Jun
본 연구는 고강도 콘크리트의 폭렬 발생을 제어하기 위하여 폭렬 저감재를 혼입함에 따른 폭렬 저감효과를 살펴보고 콘크리트 보 부재의 고온 가열시의 열적 특성을 평가하기 위하여 실시하였다. 이에 고강도 콘크리트 40~60MPa를 폭렬 저감재를 혼입하여 부재를 제작하였으며, KS F 2257의 ISO 표준화재 재하조건에서의 내화성능을 살펴보았다. 실험결과 폭렬 저감재를 혼입하지 않은 40MPa은 180분, 50MPa 174분, 60MPa 152분으로 50, 60MPa보는 기준에서 정하는 3시간 내화성능에 6~28분 부족한 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 폭렬 저감재를 혼입한 50, 60MPa 보는 모두 법에서 정하는 내화 성능 시간인 180분을 만족하였다. 폭렬 저감재를 혼입하지 않은 50, 60MPa의 콘크리트 보는 화재에 노출된 모든 면에서 폭렬이 발생되었으나 폭렬 저감재를 혼입한 50, 60MPa 보에서는 표면탈락 및 폭렬은 거의 발생되지 않았다. 따라서 콘크리트의 폭렬 방지를 위해 혼입한 PP섬유는 폭렬 방지 효과를 나타내고 있으나 60MPa 표면이 일부 탈락 된 것으로 보아 표면 탈락 방지를 위해 혼입한 강섬유는 60MPa 이상의 강도에서는 크게 효과가 나타나지 않았다.
In an attempt to control the spalling in high strength concrete, spalling reducer was mixed to identify the effect and thermal characteristics of concrete beam member at high temperature. The member was manufactured in such as way of adding 40~60MPa of high strength concrete into spalling reducer, and then fire resistance performance were monitored under the ISO standard fire load condition in accordance with KS F 2257. As a result of test, fore rate performance of 40MPa beam without spalling reducer was 180minutes, 50MPa was 174minutes and 60MPa was 152minutes, indicating that 50MPa and 60MPa beam appeared 6~28minutes short to become a 3-hour rate. However, 50 and 60MPa beam mixed with spalling reducer appeared to have satisfied the requirements for 180minutes. A spalling was occurred in surface of 50 and 60MPa beam mixed without spalling reducer, while no spalling or surface failure was occurred with 50 and 60MPa beam mixed with spalling reducer. Thus polypropylene fiber mixed with the concrete proved to be effective, but viewing that the surface of 60MPa was peeled off partially, the steel fiber mixed appeared not to be effective for the beam more than 60MPa.
Key Words: Fiber-cocktail, Heat transfer, HPC beam, Fire performance, ISO fire scenario

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