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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2010;24(1):15-23.
Published online February 28, 2010.
성능위주설계를 위한 화재감지기배치의 공학적연구
박동하
서울시립대학교 재난과학과
Automatic Fire Detector Spacing Calculation for Performance Based Design
Park Dong-Ha
요약
현재의 화재안전기준에서 규정하는 화재감지기의 배치방법은 면적에 따라 규정된 숫자를 적정하게 배치하는 수준이다. 이 기준은 과학적인 근거는 가지고 있지 못하다. 외국의 기준을 도입하여 그에 따라서 설치하고 있을 뿐이다. 소방시설을 설계하는 방법에는 화재안전기준과 같이 명문화 된 규정에 따르는 규범위주설계(Prescriptive-based)와 화재역학, 구조역학, 재료역학, 유체역학, 열역학 등 공학적 지식을 바탕으로 하는 성능위주설계(Performance-based design)가 있다. 현재로서는 성능위주설계가 활성화 되지 않았지만, 최근 소방시설공사업법은 성능위주설계방법을 이용하여 소방시설을 설계 할 수 있도록 개정('05. 8. 4)되었으며 그 시행령('07, 1. 24)에서 성능위주설계를 적용할 특정소방대상물의 범위를 정하고 있다. 이러한 시점에서 자동화재탐지설비의 화재감지기를 최적의 위치 및 거리에 설치하기 위하여 그에 대한 공식의 도입과 공식을 Software로 계산할 수 있도록 시뮬레이터를 제작하여 계산하고 규범위주설계에 따라 배치한 화재감지기의 상태와 비교 분석하며 향후 성능위주설계 방법으로서 정착시키기 위하여 연구를 시도하였다.
Abstract
Placement method for fire detectors prescribed in current fire safety regulation is just about placing a prescribed number of detectors according to the areas. However, this regulation has no scientific basis and standards from foreign countries are just introduced and fire detectors are installed complying with them. There are two standards in designing fire protection systems; Prescriptive-Based Design that follows stipulated regulations like fire safety standards and Performance-Based Design based on engineering knowledge such as fire dynamics, structural dynamics, mechanics of materials, fluid mechanics, and thermo dynamics. Recently, Fire Protection System Construction Business Act was revised so that fire protection systems can be designed using Performance-Based Design method ('05. 8. 4), though the method has not activated until now. In addition, the enforcement decree defines the range for specific objects of fire protection to which Performance-Based Design is applied ('07, 1. 24). At the moment, by manufacturing simulator so that formulas can be introduced and calculated with software in order to install fire detector of automatic fire detection systems keeping optimized distance, comparing the results with the state of fire detector placed according to Performance-Based Design and analyzing them, this study was intended to settle Performance-Based Design method in the future.
Key Words: Fire detector spacing, Performance-based design, Prescriptive-based design


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