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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2010;24(4):92-97.
Published online August 31, 2010.
부산 실내사격장 화재 II. 원인 및 화재안전대책
부경대학교 공과대학 안전공학부
Fire at an Indoor Shooting Range in Busan II. Causes and Fire Safety Measures
Park Woe-Chul
부산 실내사격장 화재의 원인을 추정하고 화재안전대책을 강구하기 위해 화재 시뮬레이션과 사격장 화재의 사례조사를 수행하였다. 현장조사와 잔류화약 분말에 대한 사격시험도 실시하였다. 총구불꽃과 탄자 받이에서의 스파크의 흔적이 CCTV 녹화영상에 나타나지 않았고, 유탄의 충격에 잔류화약이 점화하지 않았다. 따라서 잠재적 점화원 중 담뱃불이 가장 유력한 점화원으로 추정되었다. 또, 사격실에서의 폭발원인은 폴리우레탄 흡음재와 흡음재에 축적된 잔류화약 분말의 격렬한 연소 때문으로 판단되었다. 한편, 실내 사격장의 안전대책으로 프로파일 폴리우레탄 흡음재의 사용금지, 잔류화약 제거와 철저한 관리, 탄자받이의 강구조물 제거 등이 필요하다.
Fire simulation by using a computational fluid dynamics model and examination of the fires at indoor shooting ranges broken out in the past were conducted, to presume causes of the fire at the indoor shooting range in Busan and suggest fire safety measures. On-site investigations and shooting tests on unburned gunpowder were also carried out. No trace of the muzzle spark and spark at the bullet trap was found in CCTV footage, and the impact of a stray bullet failed to ignite gunpowder. Cigarette was therefore presumed to be the most likely source of ignition among the potential sources. It appeared that the explosion in the shooting area was caused by violent burning of the polyurethane sound absorber and unburned gunpowder accumulated on it. The fire safety measures include prohibit of use of profile polyurethane sound absorber, removal of steel components from bullet trap, clean up and control of unburned gunpowder, etc.
Key Words: Indoor shooting range, Fire simulation, Causes of fire, Fire safety measures
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