J. Kor. Inst. Fire Sci. Eng. Search

CLOSE


Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2011;25(6):73-82.
Published online December 31, 2011.
주택형화재경보기 작동에 따른 피난안전해석
최영상, 전흥균, 백열선
1대구보건대학 소방안전관리과2대구보건대학 소방안전관리과3김천대학교 소방학과
The Analysis of Evacuation Safety by Smoke Alarm in Housing Fire
Choi Young-Sang, Jeon Heung-Kyun, Bak Yeul-Sun
요약
야간의 주택화재는 피난개시의 지연으로 인명피해 위험이 높아지게 된다. 따라서 주택용화재경보기를 설치하여 조기에 화재경보를 해주어 피난개시시간을 단축시킬 때의 피난안전을 해석하였다. 주택을 연구의 대상 건물로 하여 CFAST를 사용해서 화재특성과 화재경보기 작동시간을 분석하였고, 이를 building EXODUS의 위험인자로 사용하여 4인 가족에 대한 피난시뮬레이션을 하였다. 피난개시시간을 다르게 하였을 때 170초에 피난을 개시한 경우 최초 사망자가 발생하였으나 주택용화재경보기작동시간 37.1초를 피난개시시간으로 한 경우는 안전한 피난이 되었다. 해석결과 주택용화재경보기를 설치할 경우 주택화재로부터 인명과 재산피해를 줄이는데 효과가 있다고 판단하였다.
Abstract
This study was performed to analysis the influence of smoke alarm detector on evacuation safety in housing fire. The analysis was conducted by CFAST fire simulation program and building EXODUS evacuation program. The effects of the earlier response time on evacuation safety were investigated by using evacuation simulation program with several steps of different response time and smoke alarm activation time for 4 occupants. The smoke detecter was activated 37.1 second after fire. The first two mortuary were occurred for 170 seconds of response time at the end of living room near exit. But for the 37.1 seconds of response time 4 occupants evacuated safely. From this study, the fire alarm detector is more important for safety evacuation in housing fire.
Key Words: Evacuation safety, Evacuation simulation, Building EXODUS, CFAST, Response time, Evacuation time


ABOUT
BROWSE ARTICLES
EDITORIAL POLICY
AUTHOR INFORMATION
Editorial Office
22, Teheran-ro 7-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06130, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-555-2450    Fax: +82-2-3453-5855    E-mail: kifse@hanmail.net                

Copyright © 2021 by Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next