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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 27(2); 2013 > Article
Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2013;27(2):80-88.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2013.27.2.080    Published online April 30, 2013.
원자력발전소의 다중 구획에서 화재특성 예측을 위한 FDS 검증 (Part II: 환기부족화재 조건)
문선여, 황철홍, 박종석, 도규식
1대전대학교 소방방재학과
2대전대학교 소방방재학과
3한국원자력안전기술원
4한국원자력안전기술원
Validation of FDS for Predicting the Fire Characteristics in the Multi-Compartments of Nuclear Power Plant (Part II: Under-ventilated Fire Condition)
Mun Sun-Yeo, Hwang Cheol-Hong, Park Jong Seok, Do Kyusik
1Department of Fire & Disaster Prevention, Daejeon University
2Department of Fire & Disaster Prevention, Daejeon University
3Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS)
4Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS)
요약
원자력발전소의 밀폐된 다중 구획에서 환기부족화재에 대한 FDS 검증이 수행되었다. 수치결과는 OECD/NEA PRISME 프로젝트를 통해 얻어진 실험결과와 비교되었다. 환기시스템의 수치 경계조건 및 FDS에 적용된 소화모델이 구획 내부의 열적 및 화학적특성에 미치는 영향이 상세히 논의되었다. 점화 및 소화 단계에서 구획 내부의 급격한 압력변동에 의해 변화될 수 있는 환기 유량의 수치 경계조건은 다중 구획 내부의 온도, 열유속에는 큰 영향을 주지 않지만, 농도의 정확한 예측을 위하여 주위 깊게 고려되어야 한다. FDS에 적용된 소화모델의 기본값은 인위적인 소화 및 재점화 현상을 동반하며, 해당 연료에 대한 수정된 소화모델의 정보가 적용되었을 때 환기부족화재에 대한 FDS의 결과는 실험결과를 매우 잘 예측하고 있음을 확인하였다.
Abstract
The validation of Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) was conducted for the under-ventilated fire in well-confined multi-compartments representative of nuclear power plant. Numerical results were compared with experimental data obtained by the OECD/NEA PRISME project. The effects of the numerical boundary conditions (B.C.) in ventilated system and the flame suppression model applied within FDS on the thermal and chemical environments inside the compartment were discussed in details. It was found that numerical B.C. on the vent flow resulting from over-pressure at ignition and under-pressure at extinction should be considered carefully in order to predict accurately the species concentrations rather than temperatures and heat fluxes inside the multi-compartment. The default information of suppression model applied within FDS resulted in artificial phenomena such as flame extinction and re-ignition, and thus the FDS results on the under-ventilated fire showed good agreement with the experimental results as the modified suppression criteria of the fuel used was adopted.
Key Words: Fire modeling, FDS (fire dynamics simulator), Nuclear power plant, Compartment fire, Under-ventilated fire, Flame suppression model


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