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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 30(6); 2016 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2016;30(6):37-42.
DOI:    Published online December 31, 2016.
화염 전파모델을 이용한 소파화재 설계화원구성의 적용성 연구
경일대학교 소방방재학과
Feasibility Study on the Fire Scenario Design of a Couch Burning through a Fire Spread Model
Kim Sung-Chan
Dept. of Fire Safety, Kyungil Univ.
본 연구는 화재전파해석 모델을 이용하여 화재 위험성 평가에 적용되는 설계화재 구성의 적용가능성을 파악하고자 한다. 화재전파해석을 위해 열중량분석과 시편연소실험이 수행되었으며 실험에서 얻어진 물성을 FDS 열해리 모델에 적용하여 격자크기에 따른 화재해석을 수행하였다. 해석 결과 전체적인 화재성장특성은 실화재 실험결과와 큰 차이를 보였으나 초기 피크 발열량과 전체 방출 열에너지는 약 30% 이내에서 유사한 예측결과를 보였다. 본 연구의 해석모델은 화재성장율이나 최대발열량 도달시간 등과 같은 화재성장특성을 예측하는데 한계를 보였다. 그러나 지속적인 모델의 개선 및 재료 물성의 상세연구를 통해 설계화재시나리오 구성에 있어서 화재모델의 적용성이 있음을 보여준다.
The present study has been performed to examine the feasibility of a flame spread model on the design fire scenario for fire risk analysis. Thermo-Gravimetric analysis and sample burning test were conducted to obtain the material properties of a single couch covered with synthetic leather material and a series of FDS calculations applying with the measured material properties were performed for different grid sizes. The overall fire growth characteristics predicted by the fire model were quite different from the results of a real scale fire test and the initial peak value of the HRR and total released energy showed the results within a 30% discrepancy for the computational grids used in the present study. The current model has some limitations in predicting the fire growth characteristics, such as fire growth rate and the time to the maximum HRR. This study shows that the fire model may be applicable to creating the design fire scenario through continuous model improvement and detailed material properties.
Key Words: CFD, Fire model, Pyrolysis, Heat release rate, Design fire scenario

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