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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 31(6); 2017 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2017;31(6):91-98.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2017.31.6.091    Published online December 31, 2017.
PVC 절연재료의 가속열화에 따른 트래킹 특성에 관한 연구
최수길, 김시국
1호서대학교 소방방재학과
2호서대학교 소방방재학과
Study on the Tracking Characteristics Depending on Accelerated Degradation of PVC Insulation Material
Choi Su-Gil, Kim Si-Kuk
1Dept. of Fire and Disaster Protection Engineering, Hoseo Univ.
2Dept. of Fire and Disaster Protection Engineering, Hoseo Univ.
요약
본 논문은 PVC 절연재료의 가속열화에 따른 트래킹 특성에 관한 연구이다. PVC 절연재료를 절연열화 시키기 위해 가속수명 시험방법 중 아레니우스 방정식을 이용한 가속열화실험을 진행하여 등가연수 0년, 10년, 20년, 30년, 40년 된 실험시료를 제작하였다. 그 후 KS C IEC 60112 기준에 의한 트래킹 실험을 진행하였다. 가속열화에 따른 PVC 트래킹 특성 측정 결과 염화암모늄 0.1%를 PVC 절연재료에 투하하였을 때, 트래킹은 발생하지 않았다. 하지만 트래킹 진전과정의 전류파형 및 전압파형을 등가수명 0년에서부터 40년까지 분석한 결과 절연성이 파괴되어 본 재질의 기능성을 갖지 못하는 BDB 구간까지 등가수명 0년을 기준으로 등가수명 10년의 경우 위험성 1.4배 증가, 20년의 경우 위험성 2배 증가, 30년의 경우 위험성 3.5배 증가, 40년의 경우 위험성 7배 증가하는 것으로 나타났다.
Abstract
The present paper is a study on the tracking characteristics depending on accelerated degradation of PVC insulation material. In order to insulation degradation of PVC insulation material, the Arrhenius equation, a type of accelerated degradation test formula, was used to conduct accelerated degradation experiments with experiment samples prepared at the following age equivalents: 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 years. Afterwards, a tracking experiment was conducted on the accelerated experiment samples as part of the KS C IEC 60112 criteria. When measuring the PVC tracking features according to the accelerated aging, the results showed that when 0.1% of ammonium chloride was added to the PVC insulating material, but no tracking occurred. However, depending on the age equivalent, The results of analyzing the current waveform and voltage waveform of the tracking propagation process showed the age equivalent from 0 years to 40 years displayed a break down in insulation resistance and even the BDB(before dielectric breakdown) sections did not maintain the same functionality of the original material. Based on a criterion of an age equivalent of 0 years, material with an age equivalent of 10 years posed a 1.4 times greater risk, material with an age equivalent of 20 years posed a 2 times greater risk, material with an age equivalent of 30 years posed a 4.6 times greater risk, and material with an age equivalent of 40 years posed a 7 times greater risk.
Key Words: Polyvinyl Chloride, Accelerated Degradation, Insulation Degradation, Tracking, Fire Risks


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