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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2004;18(2):27-33.
Published online June 30, 2004.
산(Acid)류의 자연발화온도와 방화지연시간의 관계
하동명
세명대학교 안전공학과
Relationship between Autoigniton Temperature(AIT) and Ignition Delay Time for Acids
요약
화학물질의 최소자연발화온도의 정확한 지식은 산업화재를 예방하고 제어하는데 중요하다. 최소자연발화온도(AIT)는 화염이나, 스파크 없이 주위로부터 충분한 에너지를 받아서 스스로 점화할 수 있는 최저온도를 말한다. AIT는 실험 개시온도, 압력, 농도, 용기의 크기, 양론혼합비, 촉매, 증기의 농도, 발화지연시간 등 많은 인자에 영향을 받는다. 본 연구에서는 1994년에 제작된 ASTM E659-78 장치를 이용하여 산류(Acids) 발화지연시간과 AIT관계를 측정하였고, 실험에서 얻은 자료는 본 연구에서 제시한 예측 모델과 적은 오차 범위에서 일치하였다.
Abstract
An accurate knowledge of the AIT(Autoignition temperatures) of chemicals is important in developing appropriate prevention and control measures in industrial fire protection. The AITs describe the minimum temperature to which a substance must be heated, without the application of a flame or spark, which will cause that substance to ignite. The measurement AITs are dependent upon many factors. namely initial temperature. pressure, volume, fuel/air stoichiometry. catalyst material, concentration of vapor, ignition delay time. This study measured the AITs of acids from ignition delay time by using ASTM E659-78 apparatus which was produced in the year 1994. The experiment AITs were a good agreement with the calculated AITs by the proposed equations with a few A.A.P.E.(average absolute percent error) and A.A.D.(average absolute deviation).
Key Words: AIT(Autoignition temperatures), Ignition delay time, ASIM E659-78, Acid


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