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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2008;22(1):84-92.
Published online March 31, 2008.
소나무와 떡갈나무의 주요 부위별 열적특성에 관한 연구
박영주, 이시영, 이해평
1강원대학교 방재기술전문대학원2강원대학교 방재기술전문대학원3강원대학교 소방방재학부
The Thermal Characteristics of Tree Branches, Barks, Living Leaves and Dead Leaves in Pinus Densiflora and Quercus Dentata
Park Young-Ju, Lee Si-Young, Lee Hae-Pyeong
요약
본 연구에서는 영동지역의 대표 수종인 소나무와 떡갈나무를 대상으로 주요 부위별 열적특성을 고찰하고자 콘칼로리미터 시험을 수행하여 중량변화, 착화시간, 화염유지시간, 발열량 그리고 CO와 $CO_2$ 배출농도를 비교 분석하였다. 소나무와 떡갈나무 모두 가지의 총중량감소가 가장 크게 나타났으며, 낙엽의 착화시간이 9 s 정도로서 가장 빠르게 나타났다. 낙엽과 수피부위의 화염유지시간은 $640{sim}1,016s$ 정도였으며, 총방출열량은 낙엽비 생엽의 2배 정도인 60.1 $MJ/m^2$로 가장 높게 나타났다. 또한, CO 및 $CO_2$의 최대 배출농도는 떡갈나무의 가지부위가 소나무의 가지보다 2.82배 이상 높게 나타남으로써 소나무와 떡갈나무의 열적특성은 부위별로 많은 차이가 있음을 확인하였다.
Abstract
Disclosed is a study related to the thermal characteristics of Pinus densiflora and Quercus dentate identifying the presence of any significant difference in the above trees, which are native to Young Dong Province of Korea, according to different regions of the trees such as branches, barks, living leaves and dead leaves. For this purpose, we have carried out a cone calorimeter test focusing on the variables such as mass loss, heat release, ignition time, flame holding time and concentrations of CO and $CO_2$. The results showed that the total mass loss was greatest in tree branches, whereas the ignition time of dead leaves was fastest both in Pinus densiflora and Quercus dantata. The flame holding times of dead leaves and barks were about $640{sim}1,016s$ and the total heat release of dead leaves was around 60.1 $MJ/m^2$, twice the total heat release of living leaves. In addition, the maximum exhaust concentrations of CO and $CO_2$ in tree branches of Quercus dentata was 2.82 times higher than those of Pinus densiflora, respectively. From the foregoing, it was confirmed that there exist region-specific differential thermal characteristics in Pinus densiflora and Quercus dentata.
Key Words: Pinus densiflora, Quercus dentata, Cone calorimeter, Mass loss, Heat release rate


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