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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 26(2); 2012 > Article
Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 2012;26(2):112-122.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.112    Published online April 30, 2012.
유아 화재사고 예방을 위한 화재안전 교육프로그램 개발 방향 탐색
윤선화
한국생활안전연합
Fire Safety Education Programs for Preventing Fire Accident of Young Children
Yoon Sun-Hwa
요약
본 연구에서는 유아들의 화재로 인한 피해실태와 문제점을 살펴보고, 미국의 화재안전교육 프로그램과 우리나라의 화재안전교육의 법적 근거를 고찰하여 유아 화재사고 예방을 위한 화재안전교육 프로그램의 방향을 탐색하고자 한다. 연구결과로 첫째, 우리나라 아동의 화재 및 화상사고로 인한 사망률이 영국, 독일, 스웨덴에 비해 높았다. 둘째, 우리나라 유아화재안전교육은 아동복지법, 유치원교육과정, 표준보육과정에서 의무적으로 실시하도록 법으로 명시하고 있다. 셋째, 유아 화재 사고 예방을 위해 유아의 발달에 적합한 화재안전교육을 실시하여야 하며, 다양한 시청각 매체와 체험활동 프로그램을 제공해주어야 한다. 마지막으로 체계적인 유아 화재안전교육을 위해 교사 및 보호자를 대상으로 하는 화재안전교육이 병행되어야 한다.
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to explore appropriate fire safety education programs for young children by both examining the actual damage condition and problems associated with fire accident in young children and considering fire safety education programs in America and legal basis for fire safety education in Korea. The results are as follows. First, the mortality of young children by fire accident in Korea is higher than that of U.K, Germany, and Sweden. Second, it is defined by the Child Welfare Law in Korea to implement the mandatory fire safety education for young children in kindergarten and preschool programs. Third, in order to activate fire safety education programs for young children, the fire safety education needs to be suitable for children's developmental characteristics, and various audiovisual materials and activity programs should be developed and provided. Fourth, fire safety education both for early childhood teachers and parents needs to be interrelated and systemized to reduce the risk of fire accident.
Key Words: Fire safety education program, Young children, Fire accident
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