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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 30(6); 2016 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2016;30(6):57-63.
DOI:    Published online December 31, 2016.
목재 기반 소재의 연소생성물 노출 실험을 통한 독성요인 분석
김남균, 박정호, 조남욱
Toxicity Factor Analysis through the Exposure Experiment of the Combustion Products on Wood-Based Materials
Kim Nam-Kyun, Park Jeong-Ho, Cho Nam-Wook
1Korea Institute of Civil engineering and Building Technology
2Korea Institute of Civil engineering and Building Technology
3Korea Institute of Civil engineering and Building Technology
본 연구에서는 목재 기반 소재(MDF, OSB)의 연소생성물의 독성을 동물실험 기법을 사용하여 분석하였다. 실험용 쥐의 평균행동정지시간은 MDF가 OSB에 비해 짧았다. 이는 MDF 연소생성물의 독성이 OBS보다 높음을 의미한다. 해당 결과의 요인을 정량적으로 분석하기 위해 FT-IR을 통한 가스상 물질 분석을 수행하였다. 정성분석 결과 CO와 $CO_2$가 발생됨을 확인하였으며, 정량분석 결과 가스발생량은 OSB가 MDF보다 높음을 확인하였다. 또한 실험 후 실험용 쥐의 혈액분석 결과 OSB가 MDF에 비해 COHb 농도가 높음으로써, 가스상 물질의 발생량과 COHb 농도가 상관성이 있음을 확인하였다. 현재 재료의 연소생성물 독성 분석은 독성지수 Fractional Effective Dose (FED)를 통해 이루어지고 있다. FED는 독성가스 발생량을 기반으로 하고 있으며, 노출 물질의 독성이 높을수록 평균행동정지시간은 짧아진다. 하지만 본 연구 결과에서는 OSB가 MDF에 비하여 CO 발생량은 186.5%, COHb는 > 129.6% 임에도 불구하고 평균행동 정지시간이 51초가량 길게 나타남을 확인함으로써, 연소생성물 중 가스상 물질 이외의 추가적인 독성 요인에 대한 연구가 요구됨을 확인하였다.
In this study, the toxicity of combustion products of wood-based materials (MDF, OSB) were analyzed using experimental animal techniques. The average deed stopping time of MDF was shorter than that of OSB. This means that the toxicity of the combustion products of MDF is higher than that of OSB. To analyze the cause of the result quantitatively, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) of the gas phase materials was performed. Qualitative analysis result, CO and $CO_2$ were detected. Quantitative analysis results, the gas generation rate was higher in OSB than in MDF. Blood analysis of mice revealed, COHb to be higher in OSB than MDF. A correlation between the gas generation rate and COHb was found. Currently, the toxicity of the combustion products of the materials is being examined using the toxicity index, such as Fractional Effective Dose (FED). The FED is based on the gas emissions. The average deed stopping time decreased with increasing toxicity of exposed material. On the other hand, the result of this study showed that, the CO emissions of OBS were 186.5% that of MDF. The COHb of OSB was > 129.6% that of MDF. Nevertheless, the average deed stopping time of the OSB is 51 seconds longer than that of MDF. Therefore, more toxicity studies on factors other than the gas phase materials in the combustion products will be needed.
Key Words: Combustion products, Inhalation toxicity, Animal experiment, Toxicity factor

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