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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 30(2); 2016 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2016;30(2):7-18.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2016.30.2.007    Published online April 30, 2016.
건축물 내부 마감재인 합성목재별 연소가스 독성평가
김종북, 이시영
1강원대학교 방재전문대학원
2강원대학교 방재전문대학원
Toxicity Evaluation of the Combustion Products from Synthetic Wood as Internal Finish
Kim Jong-Buk, Lee Si-Young
1The Professional Graduate School of Disaster Prevention Technology, Kangwon National Univ.
2The Professional Graduate School of Disaster Prevention Technology, Kangwon National Univ.
요약
본 연구는 주택이나 창고 등의 내부 마감재로 사용하는 합성 목재의 연소 독성평가에 관한 것으로 SEM, 콘 칼로리미터, FTIR를 활용해 집성판, MDF, 미송합판, 코어합판, 나왕 방부목 5종의 재료별 연소가스 독성을 실험 및 분석하였다. 각 재료별 독성특성 중 나왕 방부목에서 이산화탄소($CO_2$)의 치사농도인 100,000 ppm을 2.5배 초과하는 256,965 ppm, 이산화황($SO_2$)의 치사농도인 400 ppm의 3.6배를 초과하는 1,475 ppm이 검출되었다. 집성판은 이산화질소($NO_2$)가 1,569 ppm으로 치사농도인 250 ppm의 6배가 측정되었고, 암모니아($NH_3$)는 MDF에서 치사농도 값인 750 ppm 대비 795 ppm이 측정되었다. 따라서 대부분의 건축 재료에서 인체에 치명적인 가스가 발생되는 것을 확인하였고, 향후 건축 재료의 위해성을 평가하기 위한 기초데이터로 활용하고자 한다.
Abstract
This study evaluated the toxicity of the burning gas from the synthetic wood products used in housings or warehouses. The combustion products of five materials, viz. impregnated laminated board, MDF, Douglas fir plywood, core plywood, and Lauan retardant, were analyzed using SEM, FTIR and a Cone Calorimeter. For the Lauan retardant, 256,965 ppm of carbon dioxide ($CO_2$) and 1,475 ppm of sulfur dioxide ($SO_2$) were measured, which are 2.5 times and 3.6 times as high as their lethal concentrations of 100,000 ppm and 400 ppm, respectively. For the impregnated laminated board, 1,569 ppm of nitrogen dioxide ($NO_2$) was measured, which is 6 times as high as its lethal concentration of 250 ppm. For MDF, 795 ppm of ammonia ($NH_3$) was measured, which is higher than its lethal concentration of 750 ppm. As a result, most internal-finishes generated toxic combustion products at levels higher than their lethal concentrations, which underlines the importance of the selection and manufacturing of internal-finish materials.
Key Words: FTIR, Cone calorimeter, Toxicity evaluation, Combustion products, Internal finish


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