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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 31(1); 2017 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2017;31(1):10-17.
DOI:    Published online February 28, 2017.
도시형 생활주택의 위험성 분석을 통한 화재영향성평가제도의 도입방안에 관한 연구
김동욱, 백소나, 최준호
1부경대학교 산업대학원
2부경대학교 대학원
3부경대학교 소방공학과
A Study on Plan for Introduction of Fire Influence Evaluation System through Risk Assessment of the Urban Lifestyle Housing Buildings
Kim Dong-Wook, Baek Sona, Choi Jun-Ho
1Graduate School of Industry, Pukyong National University
2Graduate School, Pukyong National University
3Department of Fire Protection Engineering, Pukyong National University
건축구조 및 사용패턴 등의 다양성 때문에 소방시설만으로는 도시형 생활주택의 화재안전을 확보하기 어렵다. 화재안전을 보장하기 위해서는 화재 위험성과 사용자의 특성을 반영한 화재 법규를 제 개정하여 화재 영향성 평가의 도입을 즉시 고려할 필요가 있으나, 지금까지 시도한 두 번의 노력은 아직까지 실패한 채로 남아있다. 본 연구에서는 부산광역시 수영구와 남구에 있는 도시형 생활주택 414개소에 대한 화재위험성을 전수조사하고 실제 조건을 반영하여 화재 및 피난 시뮬레이션을 통해 위험성을 정량적으로 분석한 후 화재영향성평가의 도입필요성과 절차, 실행방법을 소방전문가와 건축전문가 집단에게 설문하였다. 그 결과, 화재영향성평가는 반드시 도입되어야 하며 소방관련 법령은 화재환경의 변화에 따라 제 개정하여 화재안전시스템을 구축할 필요가 있었다. 또한 화재영향성 평가의 필요성에 대한 공청회, 부서 간의 합의, 화재영향평가를 수행하는 위탁기관 지정 등을 통한 적극적인 노력 또한 필요한 것으로 나타났다.
Securing fire safety using only fire-fighting facilities is difficult because causes of modern fire vary, such as architectural structures and building use patterns. In order for fire safety to be guaranteed by enacting and revising fire regulations reflecting the fire hazard characteristics and user's characteristics, the introduction of fire influence evaluation (fire risk assessment) system needs to be considered in a timely manner to be adopted but unfortunately two attempts before have failed. In this study, a fire case of urban lifestyle housing was surveyed to introduce a fire influence evaluation system and a field survey on the actual condition of the 414 urban lifestyle housing buildings and fire & evacuation simulation results of one representative building in Suyoung-gu and Nam-gu District of Busan Metropolitan City were analyzed. The necessity, procedures and implementation method of fire influence evaluation system were questioned and tested by the professional fire experts, fire officers and firefighters and architects. On the basis of these facts, introduction of (fire influence evaluation system) should be absolutely adopted and the fire department and fire regulation are eligible to implement the system. Therefore, fire regulation needs to be enacted or revised in accordance with the new fire environment and fire safety system that needs to be built up. Accordingly, aggressive promotion through public hearings on the necessity of fire impact assessments, consensus among departments and fostering experts to carry out fire influence evaluation system will be the core.
Key Words: Fire Influence Evaluation System, Fire Risk Assessment, Performance Based Design, Urban Lifestyle Housing

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