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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 32(3); 2018 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2018;32(3):14-18.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2018.32.3.014    Published online June 30, 2018.
표준화재에 노출된 방염처리 목재의 내부온도에 관한 연구
김황진
초당대학교 소방행정학과
Study on the Internal Temperature of Flame Resistant Treated Wood Exposed to a Standard Fire
Kim Hwang-Jin
Department of Fire Service Administration, Chodang University
요약
건축 재료로 사용되는 목재의 내화성능에 관한 기존 연구들은 목재에 난연 또는 방염 처리하였을 경우 연소특성을 확인하는 것에 집중되어 졌다. 본 논문에서는 화염에 노출된 목재의 열분해와 밀접한 관련이 있는 내부 온도 변화를 확인하기 위하여 건축용 구조재로 널리 사용되는 미송(Douglas-fir)에 방염액 및 방염도료를 처리 후 표준 가열 온도 곡선에 따라 수평가열로에서 가열실험을 실시하였다. 실험결과 방염액을 처리하였을 때 목재내부의 열확산이 현저히 감소하는 것을 확인할 수 있었으며 방염도료를 처리한 시료의 경우 고온에 노출 되었을 때 도막이 박리되어 방염효과를 기대할 수 없었다. 따라서 두꺼운 목재에 방염효과를 높이기 위해서는 목재표면에 도막을 형성시키는 방염도료보다는 목재내부로 침투하는 방염액을 사용하는 것이 방화효과가 클 것으로 판단된다.
Abstract
The earlier studies on the fire resistance performance of woods used as building materials have focused on confirming combustion characteristics of fire retardant or flame resistant treated wood. In this paper, to confirm internal temperature changes closely related to pyrolysis of woods exposed to the flame, heating experiments were conducted in a heating furnace according to the standard heating temperature curves after Douglas-fir, which is widely used as structural materials, was treated with a flame resistant solution and flame retardant paint. As a result of the experiment, it was confirmed that the thermal diffusion inside the wood has decreased when the wood was treated with the flame resistant solution. However, in high temperature, the flame resistant effect could not be expected due to the peeling of the coating in the case of the flame resistant paint treated wood. Therefore, it can be considered that it is more effective to use the flame resistant solution which penetrates in to the inside of the wood than flame resistant paint which forms the coating on the surface of the wood in order to enhance the flame resistance effect on the thick wood.
Key Words: Flame resistant paint, Flame resistant solution, Standard temperature time curve, Douglas-fir


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