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Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science and Engineering 1988;2(2):9-16.
Published online June 30, 1988.
건축물의 방화 및 피난계획에 관한 연구
이경수임만택
1조선대 산업대학원2조선대
A study Fire Protection and Evacuation System for Buildings
Abstract
This study is intended to suggest some ideal measures available in the course of construction from the viewpoint of an architect to reduce damage of human lives and Properties caused by fire accidents in buildings. For this study, 7 buildings burnt by conflaguration in Seoul during the years of 1985 and 1987 are picked up, and 105 withnesses, who were present in one of them at them at fire, are traced for personal interview and respones to the written questionaire about 5 main issues; their perceptional behaviour, their emotional state at that time, their reactions to avoid danger, their escape routes, and their usual awareness to prevent fire. Some desirable measures suggested here are ;making Provisions to install fire centers in large buildings and underground structures in the fire fighting law, and requlating to compose fire units appropriate to the quantity of combustibles inside, limit the length of a blind corridor, furnish balustrade, and limit the width of the landing of the stairs in building code and regulations. Such measures should be considered from the time of planning to construct a building, and some drill and education in fire prevention is demanded for the occupants of the buildings too.


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