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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 33(1); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(1):164-170.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.1.164    Published online February 28, 2019.
소방조직의 구조적 특성에 관한 연구
이원주
대덕대학교 군사학부, 충남대학교 행정학과
A Study on the Characteristics of Fire Service Organization Structure
Lee Wonjoo
Division of Military Science, Daeduk University, Department of Public Adminstration, Chungnam National University
요약
본 연구는 우리나라 소방조직의 구조적 특성을 분석의 요소에 따라 확인하고 규명하고자 수행되었다. 이를 위하여, 소방공무원으로 구성된 소방조직을 연구대상으로 한정하고, 조직의 구조적 특성(복잡성, 집권성, 공식성)을 선행연구와 관계법령을 이용하여 확인하였다. 연구결과, 소방조직은 복잡성, 집권성, 공식성이 모두 높은 조직구조를 갖고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 전형적인 기계적 관료제적의 조직 특성으로, 일반 정부행정조직이나 기업조직에서는 찾아 볼 수 없는 소방조직만의 고유한 특성이다. 본 연구결과는 소방조직의 학술적 개념을 정립하는데 기여가 될 것으로 기대된다.
Abstract
This paper discusses the characteristics of the fire service organization structure in the Republic of Korea. The subjects of the study were selected by the fire service organization consisting of public firefighters in the Republic of Korea. The characteristics of the fire service organization structure (complexity, centrality, and officiality) were confirmed by various articles and previous references. The fire service organization showed a mechanical structure and bureaucratic organization. The levels of complexity, centrality, and officiality in the characteristics of fire service organization structure were higher than those of a general administration organization or company organization. In conclusion, this paper contributes to the development of fire service organization theory by confirming the characteristics of fire service organization structure.
Key Words: Fire service organization, Organization structure, Complexity, Centrality, Officiality


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